Iron Smelt - Wareham ON - October 11, 2009
Date:October 11, 2009
See also: Darrell Markewitz's ironsmelting site
Team: Ken Cook, Sam Falzone, Neil Peterson, Richard Schwitzer
- 1000 years ago the norse visitors at L'anse aux meadows attempted a smelt. We plan to reproduce that smelt.
- This marked the second of four smelts in a sequence designed to test several variables currently outstanding in our knowledge of the smelt.
- The smelting area was laid out as suggested by the archaeology of L'Anse aux Meadows, more photos of the furnace hut, and a discussion of the vinland furnace.
|Type||Boxed Short Shaft, solid clay slabs, incontinent|
|Tuyure Type||ceramic tube|
|Tuyere height from base||14 cm|
|Tuyere penetration into furnace||5 cm|
|Tuyere angle||22 deg|
|Base design||natural set base cm|
|Bellow Type||electric blower plus mechanical box bellows system|
|Avg Air rate||900 litres per minute|
|Total Charcoal Mass||43 Kg|
|Avg Burn rate||16 min per 2 Kg|
|Ore Type||mixture of DD 1 / DD2 / Haematite|
|Total Mass of Ore||20.7 Kg|
|Burn Duration||4.75 Hours|
|Mass of Bloom||5.6 Kg|
|Bloom Type||dense soft iron|
|Notes||classic planno-convex shaped bloom|
||Reports of all of our iron smelting efforts along with more articles and information are available on the "Iron Smelting in the Viking Age" CD from the Wareham Forge. Copies of the CD can be purchased here.