Iron Smelt - Wareham ON - November 7, 2009
Date:November 7, 2009
See also: Darrell Markewitz's ironsmelting site
Team: Ken Cook, Sam Falzone, Neil Peterson, Dave Cox, Marcus Burnham, Richard Schwitzer
- 1000 years ago the norse visitors at L'anse aux meadows attempted a smelt. We plan to reproduce that smelt.
- This marked the third of four smelts in a sequence designed to test several variables currently outstanding in our knowledge of the smelt.
- The smelting area was laid out as suggested by the archaeology of L'Anse aux Meadows, more photos of the furnace hut, and a discussion of the vinland furnace.
|Type||Boxed Short Shaft, clay/sand mix, tap arch|
|Tuyure Type||ceramic tube|
|Tuyere height from base||15 cm|
|Tuyere penetration into furnace||5 cm|
|Tuyere angle||22.5 deg|
|Base design||natural set base cm|
|Bellow Type||double bag (smleting) bellows|
|Avg Air rate||700 litres per minute|
|Total Charcoal Mass||28 Kg|
|Avg Burn rate||unknown min per 2 Kg|
|Total Mass of Ore||18 Kg|
|Burn Duration||3.5 Hours|
|Mass of Bloom||2.9 Kg|
||Reports of all of our iron smelting efforts along with more articles and information are available on the "Iron Smelting in the Viking Age" CD from the Wareham Forge. Copies of the CD can be purchased here.
This smelt added human powered air into the sequence